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Digital Security Conference #DigiSecCon21

Human Rights | Technology | Security

DECODING FOUNDATIONAL INEQUALITIES IN A DIGITAL ERA.

Defenders Protection Initiative will bring together actors from civil society, the private sector, business leaders, government, academicians, technologists, activists, journalists and subject matter experts to tackle pressing issues at the intersection of human rights, technology and security.

The Digital Security Conference is a premium convening for stakeholders from technological, business and civic arenas to discuss the challenges and opportunities in the promotion and advancement of human rights in a digital era.

Contrary to the previous editions of the digital security conference, this year’s edition will be a hybrid with both online and physical locations. The programing for this year’s conference will deepen conversations on longstanding issues affecting access to the internet and information, freedom of expression and association, privacy, data protection, digital rights and inclusion. This year the conference is set to attract over 300 participants.

The aim of the conference is to bring together different sector perspectives (e.g. education and social development, human rights, legal, health, ICT, finance, justice, law & order) to highlight the challenges, drivers and consequences of inequality in the age of digitalisation. In this context, we strive to identify viable solutions to ensure the creation of a self-determined society.

Digitalisation has transformed the society we live in today: It has changed the way we communicate, learn, work, and live. Digital technologies provide access to information anytime and anywhere and promise to empower users around the world by delivering more and easier opportunities for transparency and social participation. Despite this potential, modern societies are increasingly witnessing a gaping chasm of inequality as social actors experience differential results of ubiquitous digitalisation around the world. Understanding and finding ways to solve this paradox is a primary motivation for the digital security Conference 2021.

#DigiSecCon21

DECODING FOUNDATIONAL INEQUALITIES IN A DIGITAL ERA

Empowering civil society to challenge systemic exclusion

This year we see an opportunity to increase alignment, build strategic connections and strengthen the connective tissue between civil society, government and the private sector to bridge the gaps and underpin inequality

2020 marked the 25th anniversary of the “digital divide.” Although a quarter century has passed, legacy digital inequalities continue, and emergent digital inequalities are proliferating. Many of the initial schisms identified in 1995 are still relevant today.

Many legacy digital inequalities are now being exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic in new ways (Robinson, et al., 2020). In particular, digital inequalities related to healthcare, education, economic disadvantage are even more pronounced. While difficult for all, the digitally under-resourced are at greater risk and bear greater burdens than those who can mitigate the effects of the pandemic with digital resources. This is a fundamental shift from categorical and institutional inequalities to radically different inequalities that could not exist in the absence of the Internet.[1]

Aims & objectives

This conference will provide a forum that will interrogate the dynamics and develop mechanisms to unearth the existing legacy and emergent forms of inequality that radically diminish individuals’ agency and augment the power of technology creators, big tech, and other already powerful social actors in order to underpin exclusion in this digital era

Specifically, the conference objectives will pivot around the following thematic priorities; 

Governance & Representation

  • Representation of maginalised groups in a digital society
  • Citizen participation in e-governance
  • Law and Legal aspects of digital surveillance
  • Digital Inclusion

  • Privacy Ethics & Security

  • Digitised individual society and policy implications
  • Data science and research lifecycle in the digital age
  • Digital Security, privacy and data protection
  • Ethical challenges and implications of AI and automation
  • Algorithimic Governance

  • Access & Wellbeing

  • Access to broadband internet as a human right
  • Adoption of digital education, learning and teaching
  • Digitised individual health and well being
  • Work-life balance and work-life integration
  • Access and participation in platform economy
  • Digital currency and Fintech economics
  • Digital skills and labour market transformation

  • Plenary Session

    The plenary session will be an exploratory discussion from subject matter experts, civil society leaders, business leaders, policy makers and strategic stakeholders on the challenges and opportunities in decoding foundational inequalities to underpin systemic exclusion. The discussion will cover the following topics;
    1. Infrastructure Projects that Include Affordability, Digital Literacy, and Public
    Access
    2. Digital Literacy training strategies and models
    3. Social equity and digital inclusion.
    4. Digital equity strategies.
    5. Implications of Gender and Sexuality on online activity
    6. Digital Inclusion for persons with disabilities
    7. E-governance and representation

    Thematic Break-away Sessions

    Parallel working forums will enable direct interactions among participants. The main aim of the debate is to identify common challenges and major barriers, share examples of interesting practice and develop practical solutions in planning and setting up new as well as managing and evaluating existing mechanisms to underpin identifies inequalities. Within each workshop, there will be an opportunity to explore technical assistance needs in overcoming the challenges and barriers, linked to the particular theme of each session;

    Propose a Session

    Participants are invited to propose sessions in line with the thematic priority topics of the conference

    Summing up sessions

    These sessions will be bringing delegates together to summarise the outcomes of the debate in thematic working forums; rapporteurs from each group will briefly summarise the workshop discussions and highlight the key issues and potential solutions as well as examples of transferable practice.

    Advisory sessions

    An opportunity for participants to receive tailored advice from high level policy and donor representatives with regards to setting up new and managing existing mechanisms to underpin any of the existing identified inequalities.

    Key Lessons & Way Forward

    This session will offer a facilitated debate and
    reflections on the key messages emerging from the conference.

    [1] Robinson, L., Schulz, J., Dunn, H. S., Casilli, A. A., Tubaro, P., Carvath, R., Chen, W., Wiest, J. B., Dodel, M., Stern, M. J., Ball, C., Huang, K.-T., Blank, G., Ragnedda, M., Ono, H., Hogan, B., Mesch, G. S., Cotten, S. R., Kretchmer, S. B., Hale, T. M., Drabowicz, T., Yan, P., Wellman, B., Harper, M.-G., Quan-Haase, A., & Khilnani, A. (2020). Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age. First Monday25(7). https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v25i7.10844

    What is labour exploitation?

    Within the field of Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery prevention, labour exploitation refers to situations where people are coerced to work for little or no remuneration, often under threat of punishment. There are a number of means through which a person can be coerced, including: 

    • Use of violence or intimidation 
    • Accumulated debt 
    • Retention of identity papers 
    • Threat of exposure to immigration authorities 

    All types of labour, within every industry, are susceptible to labour exploitation. It is a worldwide problem whose scope and scale is sometimes difficult to wrap your head around. Here are some key facts and figures from the International Labour Organization. (ILO)

    • There are an estimated 40.3 million people trapped in modern slavery around the world at any given time. Of this 40.3 million, 24.9 million people are estimated to be within situations of forced labour.
    • Out of the 24.9 million people trapped in forced labour, 16 million people are exploited within the private sector. This includes in fields such as domestic work, construction, and agriculture.
    • 8 million of this 24.9 million are persons suffering forced sexual exploitation.
    • Around 4 million of this 24.9 million are in situations of forced labour imposed by state authorities.
    • Women and girls are disproportionately affected by forced labour, accounting for 99% of the victims in the commercial sex industry, and 58% in other sectors.

    These figures make for pretty bleak reading, and it can often leave us feeling powerless in the face of such widespread exploitation. But we are not powerless, we believe that through our collective action we can shine a light on this exploitation and work to prevent it from happening. So, what can you do about it? 

    Uganda Martyrs’ death as a subject to the violation of Human rights.

     As we take the break to remember and mourn for the Uganda martyrs who died due to the violation of their religious rights, we wanted to take a moment today to think of those who are still struggling for their religious rights as workers, and to speak about some of the exploitation that is sadly still prevalent across the world. 

    Improving rights around the world is central to our mission of preventing violation of human rights in the working environment. We work with major corporations and organizations to help them understand where there might be risk of religious rights violation in their work places and to identify the tell-tale signs of other various forms of human rights violation . We run campaigns around the globe which seek to raise awareness of different forms of human rights violation, and to help those who may be victims of this violation know their rights and seek support where necessary.  

    Ultimately, we seek to encourage people to #SpotTheSigns of violation, speak openly about its realities and report suspicious activity when they see it.  

    10 Reasons Why Human Rights Are Important

    Defenders Protection Initiative (DPI) is global organization comprising of many corporations in unity with people who take injustice and violations of human rights as an offense. We are  well known for employing research, advocacy, action and campaigns to fight against abuses of human rights around the world. One of the ways our organization fights against injustice is through informing the public. DPI covers a broad spectrum of issues from women’s rights and political freedoms to regional and global conflicts. We also offer digital security.

    Below are some of the top reason why Human Rights Are Important.

    #1: Human rights ensure people have basic needs met

    Everyone needs access to medicine, food and water, clothes, and shelter. By including these in a person’s basic human rights, everyone has a baseline level of dignity. Unfortunately, there are still millions of people out there who don’t have these necessities, but saying it’s a matter of human rights allows activists and others to work towards getting those for everyone.

    #2: Human rights protect vulnerable groups from abuse

    The Declaration of Human Rights was created largely because of the Holocaust and the horrors of work load limit. During that time in history, the most vulnerable in society were targeted along with the population, including those with disabilities.

    #3: Human rights allow people to stand up to societal corruption

    The concept of human rights allows people to speak up when they experience abuse and corruption. This is why specific rights like the right to assemble are so crucial because no society is perfect. The concept of human rights empowers people and tells them that they deserve dignity from society, whether it’s the government or their work environment. When they don’t receive it, they can stand up.

    #4: Human rights encourage freedom of speech and expression

    While similar to what you just read above, being able to speak freely without fear of brutal reprisal is more expansive. It encompasses ideas and forms of expression that not everybody will like or agree with, but no one should ever feel like they are going to be in danger from their government because of what they think. It goes both ways, too, and protects people who want to debate or argue with certain ideas expressed in their society.

    #5: Human rights give people the freedom to practice their religion (or not practice any)

    Religious violence and oppression occur over and over again all across history, from the Crusades to the Holocaust to modern terrorism in the name of religion. Human rights acknowledges the importance of a person’s religion and spiritual beliefs, and lets them practice in peace. The freedom to not hold to a religion is also a human right.

    #6: Human rights allows people to love who they choose

    The importance of freedom to love cannot be understated. Being able to choose what one’s romantic life looks like is an essential human right. The consequences of not protecting this right are clear when you look at countries and tribes where where women are forced into marriages they don’t want.

    #7: Human rights encourage equal work opportunities

    The right to work and make a living allows people to flourish in their society. Without acknowledging that the work environment can be biased or downright oppressive, people find themselves enduring abuse or insufficient opportunities. The concept of human rights provides a guide for how workers should be treated and encourages equality.

    #8: Human rights give people access to education

    Education is important for so many reasons and is crucial for societies where poverty is common. Organizations and governments concerned with human rights provide access to schooling, supplies, and more in order to halt the cycle of poverty. Seeing education as a right means everyone can get access, not just the elite.

    #9: Human rights protect the environment

    The marriage between human rights and environmentalism is becoming stronger due to climate change and the effects it has on people. We live in the world, we need the land, so it makes sense that what happens to the environment impacts humanity. The right to clean air, clean soil, and clean water are all as important as the other rights included in this list.

    #10: Human rights provide a universal standard that holds governments accountable

    When the Universal Declaration of Human rights was released, it had a two-fold purpose: provide a guideline for the future and force the world to acknowledge that. Human rights had been violated on a massive scale. With a standard for what is a human right, governments can be held accountable for their actions. There’s power in naming an injustice and pointing to a precedent, which makes the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other human rights documents so important.

    Top Ways Businesses get Hacked

    Bait and Switch Attack

    Using trusted marketing methods such as paid-for advertising on websites, attackers can trick you into visiting malicious sites. When websites sell advertising space, it can be purchased by rogue attackers. The bona fide advertisement can be replaced with a ‘bad’ link that can be used to download malware, lock up your browser, or compromise your systems.

    Alternatively, the advertisement may link to a legitimate website, but it will be programmed to redirect you to a harmful site

    Key Logger

    A key logger is a small piece of software that, when downloaded into your computer, will record every keystroke. The key logger will capture every keystroke on the keyboard, every username, password and credit card number, etc., exposing all of your data and personal information

    Denial of Service (DoS\DDoS) Attacks

    A Denial of Service attack is a hacking technique designed to flood your web server with a myriad of requests to the point that it overloads the web server resulting in a website crash.

    To do this, hackers will deploy botnets or zombie computers that have a single task, flood your web site with data requests

    ClickJacking Attacks

    This method tricks you into clicking on something different from what you thought you were clicking. The clickjacking element could be a button on a web page that, when clicked, performs another function, allowing others to take control of the computer. The host website may not be aware of the existence of the clickjacking element.

    Fake W.A.P.

    A hacker can use software to impersonate a wireless access point (W.A.P.), which can connect to the ‘official’ public place W.A.P. that you are using. Once you get connected to the fake W.A.P., a hacker can access your data.

    To fool you, the hacker will give the fake W.A.P. an apparent genuine name such as ’T.F. Green Aiport Free WiFi.’

    Cookie Theft


    The cookies in your web browsers (Chrome, Safari, etc.) store personal data such as browsing history, username, and passwords for different sites we access. Hackers will send I.P. (data) packets that pass through your computer, and they can do that if the website you are browsing doesn’t have an SSL (Secure Socket Layer) certificate. Websites that begin with HTTPS:// are secure, whereas sites that start with HTTP:// (no ‘S’) do not have SSL and are NOT considered secure.

    Viruses and Trojans

    Viruses or Trojans are malicious software programs that, when installed on your computer, will send your data to the hacker. They can also lock your files, spread to all the computers connected to your network, and perform many other nasty actions.

    Seek for a Security Check

    As you can see, it is all too easy to have your business systems inadvertently compromised, you can seek for a security check to secure to protect your business. It is tailored to the needs of each business.   click here

    WhatsApp 2FA: Secure Yourself From This Simple Hack

    Imagine someone has taken over your account, what would happen to you and the people who contact you on WhatsApp?

    Just as it is easy to fresh install of WhatsApp for your new phone is also how easy an attacker would gain access to your WhatsApp and possibly start a conversation with your friends claiming it is you.

    Most times, the direct risk is not to you if you’re attacked, but to your contacts. They can expect to receive requests for data or even emergency funds. This is social engineering at its best. We would trust an end-to-end encrypted platform, a message from a trusted friend and so are coded to have our guards down and rather feel pity in these circumstances.

    The repercussions of this happening are beyond imagination. This can even further spread to more of your contacts having there WhatsApp accounts taken over.
    With the account taken over, the attackers could then message contacts in the groups you are in as if from the account holder (you), as well as any other contacts whose WhatsApp messages were received after the take over. No legacy data is compromised. The target device remains untouched. WhatsApp has simply been ghosted onto an illegitimate device.

    It is surprising how many people have not yet enabled the Two-step verification PIN in WhatsApp—almost everyone we have asked has yet to set it up. If you’re the same, then please take that minute and set it up now. 

    The Question now is, How do we prevent this from happening to you for the first time or again?

    WhatsApp introduced a feature where you can set a PIN of your own choice and even an email address just in case you forget your PIN. The PIN is your own verification to confirm that it is you even after inputting the SMS verification so you do not otherwise have to share your PIN with anyone.

    You can find this feature in your WhatsApp setting > Account > Two-step verification: There you will be prompted to enable your PIN and confirm it, then you will also be asked to type in an email address to use to recover your account in case you forget your PIN

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